Monday, March 26, 2018

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria

Staphylococci are Gram-positive bacteria, with diameters of 0.5 – 1.5 μm and characterized by individual cocci, which divide in more than one plane to form grape-like clusters.

There are 32 species and eight sub-species in the genus Staphylococcus, many of which preferentially colonize the human body; however Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of human clinical disease. Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive, non-spore forming spherical bacterium that belongs to the Staphylococcus genus.

Staphylococcus aureus is both a human commensal and a frequent cause of clinically important infections. Staphylococcus aureus colonizes the skin and mucosae of human beings and several animal species.

Although multiple body sites can be colonized in human beings, the anterior nares of the nose is the most frequent carriage site for Staphylococcus aureus. Longitudinal studies show that about 20% (range 12–30%) of individuals are persistent Staphylococcus aureus carriers, approximately 30% are intermittent carriers (range 16–70%), and about 50% (range 16–69%) non-carriers.

Staphylococcal food poisoning is one of the most common food-borne diseases in the world following the ingestion of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) that are produced by enterotoxigenic strains of coagulase-positive staphylococci mainly Staphylococcus aureus.
Staphylococcus aureus bacteria
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

The Most Popular Posts